To achieve an immediate therapeutic effect, people with ailments like gout, nutritionists prescribe special diet foods. From medical practice, in many cases, thanks to strict diets, patients with kidney and joint damage have achieved satisfactory treatment results. This is explained because the diet for this disease reduces the production of purines of exogenous origin
Adherence to a strict diet for gout that affects the leg joints is completely undefined by strict fasting, not during its periodic relapses, norin the time between them. It is essential to choose the correct food products, their use is vital to the patient, is an important point in treatment.
People with gout need to follow a specific diet to help stabilize uric acid levels. In any person, during a routine examination, you may inadvertently notice an increase in these parameters. In this case, you need to adhere to the nutrition in your diet. This approach to the preparation of the patient's menu leads to a significant reduction in the likelihood of relapsing attacks of the disease, allowing you to prevent the accumulation of purines, namely, a significant amount. their compounds in organs and tissues.
Key principles of nutritional therapy for gout
Gout patients should eat systematically, dividing the entire daily food ration into at least 4 meals. This will help prevent serum saturation with purines. Gout patients should not eat too much, on the contrary, the patient's weight increases, adversely affecting bones and joints when moving. But, also should not starve. Should gradually reduce the body weight of obese people, but not more than 2 kg per month.
During the day, gout patients need to drink about 2 liters of water when the disease is in remission and at least 3 liters when the exacerbation occurs. It should not be forgotten that the use of mineral water, which contains alkali, will facilitate the removal of urate from the patient's body.
Food is prohibited for gout
A very important point is to choose the right diet for gout patients. It is necessary to minimize the amount of purine-containing products. These include the following:
- broths made of meat, fish, and mushrooms (purines in which they are easily digested);
- pulmonary and brain organs, liver and kidneys;
- sauces made from meat and canned foods;
- animal fat;
- legumes and peas, beans and lentils, soybeans;
- bacon, all types of sausages.
There are foods that affect acidity in the body. To prevent a sharp increase in the amount of acid in the tissues, you should also exclude from your diet foods such as:
- spices, mustard, pepper, horseradish;
- vegetable sauces;
- spinach, fresh herbs, sorrel;
- salted fish and other dishes with its content;
- alcoholic beverages (especially alcohol and beer);
- products that contain significant amounts of butter and cocoa;
- salty and spicy cheese.
It is necessary to restrict the patient to eating salt and fat to prevent urate accumulation in tissues.
Under no circumstances should you eat fried food because of gout.
Allowed list of foods for gout
Purine basis is found in low amounts in milk, Swiss cheese, eggs, bread, caviar, walnuts and hazelnuts. You can eat millet and carrots, pearl barley and buckwheat. In the diet, you can eat a small portion of fish or meat prepared by baking or boiling every seven days.
Increasing the amount of fluid ingested will help the patient eliminate uric acid compounds. In this case, simply use filtered or boiled water.
It is imperative to reduce the nutritional level of food consumed by gout patients. Especially with simultaneous obesity. With this disease, you can include a small amount of tomatoes in your diet. From spices, should only use laurel leaves to prepare diet foods.
Fruits and vegetables are helpful in the case of gout, but only raw. Sometimes patients need to fast for several days. Also, drink only fruit and vegetable juices during the day, using ascorbic acid as well.
Vegetarian treatment of gout
During the exacerbations of this unpleasant disease, some patients decide to treat independently by fasting to cleanse the body from excess purines. But, this decision in the diet is completely unfounded. With this practice, there is a significant deterioration in the general condition of the patient. During starvation, food intake stops, preventing it from supplying its energy needs, thus starting to consume its reserves. In this case, the most accessible materials are protein compounds. It is for this reason that when fasting begins, the concentration of uric acid in the blood increases rapidly and is deposited in the synovial membrane of the diseased joint, as well as in the tissues of the human body. It all ended with an exacerbation of gout.
The following also happens. The synovial sac of the joint accumulates more acidic salts. In parallel with this process, urate penetrates into the glomeruli of the patient's renal tubules, contributing to the emergence of an acute form of disease such as gout kidney disease.